Individuals face different health complications in their life span. Some diseases may be caused by a single factor, such as changes in gene instructions. This phenomenon is called a mutation, which is present in every person. The DNA changes in a single gene can trigger thousands of diseases. Diseases such as diabetes and sickle cell anemia are more likely to run in the whole family, from the parent to the offspring. However, to reduce the severity and propagation of genetic diseases, it is necessary to undergo genetic testing Winter Park. The following is information you could be missing about genetic testing;
What is genetic testing?
It involves several tests that identify individuals’ changes in genes that could expose them to genetic illnesses.
Who should undergo genetic testing?
Several reasons justify whether an individual should undergo these procedures. Some parental care guidelines require pregnant women to undergo these tests to check if their pregnancy is prone to genetic illnesses. However, anyone can get this test to:
- Detect if they have the genetic disorders that run through their family line
- Check whether they are carriers of the genetic diseases
- Guide the treatment schedules for specific genetic ailments such as cancer
- Diagnose the wellness of a child exhibiting the signs of genetic disorders
Types of genetic tests
Different tests exist to cater to the diverse needs of the patients. Here are some of the genetic tests;
- Molecular tests: They apply DNA sequencing to determine the order of nucleotides in a person’s genetic code.
- Gene expressive tests: detect the specific gene activated or deactivated in a particular cell in the body.
- Chromosomal tests: They focus on the analyses of the entire chromosomes and the lengths of DNA to check their large-scale variations.
- Biochemical: These tests trace the gene’s production enzymes and protein level. The disparity usually indicates the genetic variations underlying a genetic disorder.
Preparation for the genetic testing
The following are some of the factors that you should consider before undergoing the test;
The time taken while undergoing these procedures varies from one test to another. For instance, Biopsies take longer since they involve the diagnosis of the colon and bone marrow. If you wish to get that test, you should give the health provider ample time to complete the investigation.
If the procedure involves a blood test, you should wear short sleeves for easy rolling up while drawing the blood from the body parts such as the arm. Some tests, such as prenatal screening, may require you to partly or completely undress. In such cases, the health providers will provide a hospital gown for your comfort.
What to carry
While visiting the health provider, you should bring the health insurance and the ID to enhance contacts and payment of the services. Also, you should seek vehicle services or come with a friend to drive you back home after the appointment if the testing involves sedation.
Drinks and food
In most cases, your eating and drinking habits may not influence the results significantly. However, individuals should avoid excessive fluids before the amniocentesis to ensure that the bladder is empty to avoid its perforation during the procedure.
Many people have had genetic diseases that increase future pregnancy risk since the offspring are more likely to develop those genetic illnesses. If you are unsure of your health because of genetic disorders, I have good news for you. The Center for Reproductive Medicine has been established to cater to your needs. The facility has a team of specialists who use their experience to ensure that you have healthy future pregnancies through genetic screening. Visit the facility today and receive effective services.